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SMOKING FACTS IN NEW MEXICO AND THE US

CDC Data on Blacks and Tobacco 

There were over 40 million African Americans in the United States in 2016—approximately 13% of the U.S. population.Although African Americans usually smoke fewer cigarettes and start smoking cigarettes at an older age, they are more likely to die from smoking-related diseases than Whites.

African American children and adults are more likely to be exposed to secondhand smoke than any other racial or ethnic group.

  • During 2013-2014, secondhand smoke exposure was found in:
    • 66.1% of African American children aged 3–11 years.
    • 55.3% of African American adolescents aged 12–19 years.
    • 45.5% of African American adults aged 20 years and older.
  • African American nonsmokers generally have higher cotinine levels (an indicator of recent exposure to tobacco smoke) than nonsmokers of other races/ethnicities.

NEW MEXICO DATA

  1. New Mexico Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System(BRFSS) 2018 Annual Report  
  2. Approximate number of Blacks/African Americans in NM who smoke is 15.5% 
  3. In 2018, 15.2% of New Mexico adults were current smokers. This was lower than the U.S. median prevalence (16.1%).
  4. Males (17.3%) reported a significantly higher prevalence of current smoking than females (13.2%).
  5. Tobacco & New Mexico’s Indicator-Based Information System (NM-IBIS) 
  6. The prevalence of current cigarette smoking among New Mexico and U.S. high school youth has decreased dramatically in the past decade, New Mexico’s youth cigarette smoking rate in 2017 (10.6%) is at an all-time low, and it is statistically similar to that in the U.S. (8.8%). Both the New Mexico and U.S. youth cigarette smoking prevalence have met and surpassed the Healthy People 2020 goal of 16.0%.
  7. The use of electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, has recently emerged as a new public health concern. Although scientists are still learning about the long-term effects of e-cigarettes, we do know most contain nicotine, which is highly addictive and can harm adolescent and young adult brain development. The aerosol in e-cigarettes contains nicotine, cancer-causing chemicals, and tiny particles that can reach deep into the lungs. According to the National Academies of Science (2018), there is substantial evidence that e-cigarette use increases risk of ever using combustible tobacco cigarettes among youth and young adults.
  8. As of 2017, e-cigarette use (24.7%) among high school youth in NM has significantly outpaced the use of combustible cigarettes (10.6%). Although there have been significant declines in combustible cigarette use among youth, the emergence of e-cigarettes and the risks for nicotine addiction requires attention both through public health prevention and policy efforts.
  9. NM Quit Now Data link

CAPACITY BUILDING RESOURCES FOR ORGANIZATIONS

Data Concerning Adults in New Mexico

Data/Graphs of Adult Smokers in NM was derived from the NM IBIS website. Please visit them at: https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/indicator/complete_profile/tobaccosmokeadult.html

Who’s Smoking in NM? (2017 data)

General NM Smoking Facts

Percent of the Population

Adult Smokers in NM

17.2%

Adult Women Smokers in NM

14.5%

Adult Male Smokers in NM

20.6%

African American Adult Smokers in NM

28.9%

African American Youth (17yo and under)

25.5%

NM Youth (17yo and under

24.7%

Where Do Blacks Live in NM? 

NM County

Name of City 

(AA%  Population)

Percent of General Smoking Population

Lea County

Hobbs (6.16%)

18.0%

Curry County

Clovis (5.82%)

31.7%

Otero County

Alamogordo (4.77%)

18.4%

Roosevelt County

Portales (3.5%)

15.9%

Valencia County

Los Lunas (2.97%)

25.4%

Sandoval County

Rio Rancho (2.84%)

17.9%

Bernalillo County

Albuquerque (2.75%)

16.1%

Dona Ana County

Las Cruces (2.71%)

14.6%

Chaves County

Roswell (1.83%)

18.9%

Percentage of Current Adult Smokers in NM

Age Group

Percentage of Adult NM Smokers

18 – 24

13.8%

25 – 34

22.5%

35 – 44

20.9%

45 – 54

19.9%

55 – 64

18.6%

65 – 74

13.7%

75+

7.4%

Data Concerning Youth in New Mexico

Data Source for NM Youth

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department. https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/indicator/complete_profile/TobaccoSmokeECigYouth.html

How Do NM Youth Rank in Their Vaping Use?

In 2017, 24.7% of NM high school youth used e-cigarettes, ranking NM third among 39 states who complete a similar youth survey.

How Do NM Vaping Rates Compare With the U.S.?

In 2017, 24.7% of NM high school youth used e-cigarettes, compared to 20.8% in the US (2018).

E-cigarette use increases across grade levels. Use among 11th and 12th graders is significantly higher than use among 9th graders:

Grade Level in School

(2017 data)

Percentage E-Cigarette Smokers

Lower Limit

Upper Limit

9th Grade

17.9%

15.5%

20.7%

  

10th Grade

24.2%

20.6%

28.3%

  

11th Grade

26.1%

22.5%

30.0%

  

12th Grade

32.1%

27.8%

36.6%

  

E-cigarette use (VAPING)  is remarkably similar among African American, Hispanic and White youth, although population numbers remain dramatically smaller.

Race/Ethnicity

Percentage E-Cigarette Smokers

Lower Limit

Upper Limit

American Indian/Alaska Native

16.1%

12.9%

19.8%

Asian/Pacific Islander

18.1%

10.7%

29.1%

Black/African American

25.5%

18.1%

34.6%

Hispanic

26.8%

24.4%

29.3%

White

25.9%

22.5%

29.7%

New Mexico Average

24.7%

22.2%

27.4%

   

Record Count: 6

E-cigarette use (VAPING)  is remarkably similar among African American, Hispanic and White youth, although population numbers remain dramatically smaller.

Race/Ethnicity

Percentage E-Cigarette Smokers

Lower Limit

Upper Limit

American Indian/Alaska Native

16.1%

12.9%

19.8%

Asian/Pacific Islander

18.1%

10.7%

29.1%

Black/African American

25.5%

18.1%

34.6%

Hispanic

26.8%

24.4%

29.3%

White

25.9%

22.5%

29.7%

New Mexico Average

24.7%

22.2%

27.4%

   

Record Count: 6